Hydroponics farming symbol Hydroponics Farming . com
Hydroponics Gardening and Sprouting Systems for individual use, commercial growing or livestock feed
Hydroponics farming symbol
Hydroponics Farming . com
Hydroponics Gardening and Sprouting Systems for individual use, commercial growing or livestock feed

Hydroponics Information

Products

  Accessories
     Hydro-Accessories
     Hydro-Cabinet
     Hydro-Dome-Lids
     Hydro-Light Timer
     Hydro-Net Pots
     Hydro-Reservoirs
     Hydro-Water
     Soil-Stake
     Sprouter-Chem
     Sprouter-Parts
     Sprouter-Seeds
     Sprouter-Trays/Containers
 
Hydroponics Systems
     Hydro-Aeration
     Hydro-Aeroponics
     Hydro-Drip
     Hydro-Ebb & Flow
     Hydro-Germination
     Hydro-Vertical Garden
     Soil based
     Sprouters
     Juicers / Juices
     Mill - GrainMill
 
Growing Medium
     Expanded Clay
     Organic
     Perlite and Vermiculite
     Stonewool
 
Information
     Books
     DVD
 
Lights
     Ballasts
     Reflectors
     Bulbs
     Fluorescent
     LED System
     Induction System
     Light Movers
     Light Stand
     Solar Power
 
Nutrients
     Fertilizer
     Fertilizer-Organic
    
Stimulants
    
Treatments
  Pumps
     Air pump
     Water pump

Light

Hydroponics grown outdoors can normally rely upon sunlight during regular growing seasons. For optimum development, containers kept indoors require MH (Meta Halide) lights for sprouting, seedling development and initial growth of hydroponic plants and HPS (High Pressure Sodium) lights for the final flowering and harvest phase.

Meta Halide bulbs provide an intense light of a blue-white spectrum excellent for plant sprouting and growth. High Pressure Sodium bulbs provide an orange shaded light which simulates the autumn harvest time sun. A Meta Halide light can be used for the entire season if only one light is available.

There are special T5 Fluorescent fixtures designed for hydroponics use that contain high efficiency, digital electronic ballasts to power the high out T5 fluorescent bulbs. Do not put standard fluorescent tubes in these fixtures because the high current design may burn out the standard tubes very quickly. These fixtures are ideal for providing a wide light disbursement resulting in a bright and even growing area.

Normal fluorescent or incandescent house bulbs are not recommended. Fluorescent lights provide a gentle light but do not provide the intensity of light required for most plants. Incandescent bulbs (normal light bulbs) are expensive to operate, create as much heat as light, and do not provide the full spectrum of light required for good plant growth.

Water

A plant's roots need to receive sufficient water to remain hydrated and enable the plant to grow rapidly. However, most land plant roots must not remain waterlogged for too long a period.

Caution:
Tap water may contain chemicals that can effect plant growth in some cases. If growth patterns seem abnormally low, you may want to change the water source, use pure rain water or purify water using Reverse Osmosis Systems or similar equipment for serious growers.

Nutrients

In hydroponics, nutrients are fed directly to the plant's roots, not fed to the soil for secondary absorption by the plant through its expanding root system. Therefore, the hydroponics (hydro) gardening grown plant grows and matures faster with less time, effort, space and fertilizer.

The proper mixture of plant nutrients needs to be supplied to the plant roots at regular intervals. The nutrient solution will become weaker over a period of time as the root system selects the needed plant food from the solution. Therefore, it should be completely replaced at regular intervals, usually 2 or 3 weeks apart depending upon the solution and system being used.

In between replacement, it is imperative that the water level be retained at the original level to replace loss due to plant usage or evaporation. Failure to do so may result in over concentration of nutrients and actually 'burning' the plant roots.

Air

A plant's leaves need to have some kind of circulating air to replenish the natural carbon dioxide intake and to reduce the possibility of mold, mildew or plant disease. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) can be added to fully enclosed systems for even faster growth if desired. Plant roots need exposure to oxygen either directly or from freshly aerated water flow.

Oxygen

A plant's roots, just like fish in an aquarium, need to receive a proper supply of oxygen. In garden soil, fresh oxygen containing water is provided to the plants. This water then drains away requiring new water at regular intervals. In a recirculating hydroponics system, the water can be oxygenated by spraying or inserting an air pump (just like an aquariuair pump and air stone outlet) in the water reservoir. Nutrient Film Technique systems are adjusted to provide water to the bottom of the root system and provide space for air flow to the top of the root system.

Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

Plant leaves need a regular supply of carbon dioxide as part of their photosynthesis process. Normally, simple exposure to a location with circulating air is sufficient. A CO2 generator can be added to some fully enclosed containers to provide a richer atmosphere for plant growth. The richer CO2 atmosphere results in speeding up the plants metabolic rate which increases growth rate and yields by up to 40%. No complex equipment is needed.

Simply place the injector in front of an oscillating fan which blows the CO2 over the plants leaves. It should be used with a timer or environmental control devices. It is especially productive in high light intensity gardens.

Temperature

The plant temperature ranges need to be considered and controlled as much as possible. Simply match as closely as possible the normal temperature range that the plant would face if grown outdoors in a standard garden setting.

Support

Many plants do not need additional support. But some tall plants such as tomatoes may need artificial support systems to enable them to grow normally tall and bear their heavy fruit.

Cost

Although the initial cost of setting up a Hydroponics garden seems expensive, the listed equipment is made of high quality material which will last for many seasons.
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